5 basic causes of anemia

5 basic causes of anemia

5 basic causes of anemia

What is anemia…and what are these 5 basic causes of anemia..?

Nutritionally anemia is defined as “the condition of our body in which the inability of the erythropoietic tissue which maintains a normal hemoglobin concentration on account of inadequate supply of one or
many other nutrients leads to a reduction of total circulating hemoglobin.
in an anemic patient, they don’t good healthy red blood cells in the blood.
It is caused due to any one or more of the absence of or deficiency of dietary essential components.
Anemia may be caused by a deficiency of iron or poor absorption of iron results in Iron-deficiency anemia,
Anemia caused by insufficiency of iron for hemoglobin formation, and blood corpora have become pale and small, this type of anemia is said to be hypochromic and microcystic anemia.
The deficiency of vitamin B12 and folic acid leads to impairments in their utilization and causes damaged DNA.
Lack of these vitamins in the cells which they are entered in the bloodstream has become irregular in size and shape,
but usually larger than normal this type of anemia knows as megaloblastic anemia.
If either iron or folate and vitamin B12 are deficient it gives rise to hypochromic macrocytic or dimorphic anemia.
Causes of Anaemia:-
these 5 basic causes of anemia are as follows:-
1.Lack of awareness about the food value
2.Inadequate food security
3.Inadequate caring
5.Inadequate health policy and program. These are the 5 basic causes of anemia now another one is underlying causes:-
Underlying causes:- Inadequate diet in quality
A poor environment like for water,
sanitation, and food hygiene
Poor health care such as No Immunization
Excessive menstruation,
malaria parasitism, hookworm, schistosomiasis Trauma.
other than these 5 basic causes of anemia are the immediate causes which are as follows:-
Deficiency of:- iron (bioavailability)
-vitamin B complex
-vitamin C
Interfering Factors:- 
 other than these 5 causes of anemia the other special conditions such as Respiratory infection and Diarrhoea:-
Increased blood loss with inadequate Iron Intake.
These all are the multifactorial causes of anemia other than these 5 basic causes of anemia,
Sometimes some disease and drugs can induce anemia which are as follow:-
A patient suffering from diseases like
-chronic infections,
-Inflammatory conditions, autoimmune disorders
The inflammatory response of macrophages in the liver, spleen, and bone marrow, making iron unavailable for erythropoiesis and showing the rate of production of new blood cells.
so these all are the 5 basic causes of anemia including all other causes also.
 we know the 5 basic causes of anemia, including all other causes, now let’s discuss about, how the iron deficiency occurs in our or the stages of iron deficiency
Stages of iron deficiency:-
basically, there are 3 stages of iron deficiency:-
Stage first:-
Slowly decreases the iron storage from the body without showing any other abnormalities.
Intermediate stage:-
The iron store makes exhausted, still anemia yet not occurred in that condition. initially, the serum ferritin level will recognize it. Saturation of transferrin falling down and will become less than 30 to 15 percent.
Stage third:-
Due to impaired hemoglobin synthesis, which leads to decreased concentration of circulating hemoglobin.
the filter paper method is the most suitable method for iron deficiency anemia,
in the local community but the haemocue or hematology counter provides an accurate result.

common symptoms of anemia:-

weakness or fatigue is the most common symptoms of anemia,
faint yellow-colored or pale skin, due to less red blood cells,
difficulties arising, during breathing,
sometimes, pain in the chest can occur,
moderate to severe headaches, present,
other symptoms such as fever, infection, diarrhea, jaundice, stomach pain, changing the texture of tongue, such as the smooth tongue, but these symptoms are not found in a common type of anemia, it will occur in most sever type of anemia.
dietary guidelines during anemia:-
total intake of iron is based on, age, sex, and blood loss in the menstrual cycle. hence females need extra iron intake due to blood loss in during the menstrual period, specially condition such as pregnancy and lactation.
the daily recommended dose of iron to men is near about 8 mg, whereas for female will be, 18 mg.
during pregnancy, it will be 27 mg while in lactation will be 9 mg.
home remedy for treating anemia at home:-
a soaked handful of raising in a glass of water, at whole night, then eat these raisins in the morning.
take a juice, add carrots, spinach, coriander leaves, cucumber, and drinking it.
eat amala candy or make amala juice.
don’t drink coffee or tea after taking any meal.
taking beetroot juice daily will help to manage your anemia.it is a great source of iron as well as vitamin c.
taking a healthy diet plan along with the best iron-rich source foods, drinking enough amount of fluid, and adequate rest along with some vitamin supplementation. is the best way to cure and managing your anemia permanently.



Treatment of iron deficiency:-

 for treating and managing the iron deficiency, you should be a focus on root causes or underlying diseases or situation which leads to anemia.
Oral administration in the inorganic form of the ferrous sulfate 50-200 mg or 60 mg of elemental iron 3 times daily for adults and 6 mg/kg for children.
When our stomach is empty, that is the best time for absorbing iron into our body.
but it leads to other side effects also as nausea, epigastric discomfort, heartburn, diarrhea, or maybe constipation.
Using a chelated form of iron can be improved better absorption.
Vitamin C or Ascorbic Acid increases iron absorption capacity.
Iron therapy should be carried on for up to several months.l
Diet should be balanced and rich in protein, vitamins, and minerals, Taking a proper diet may reduce the risk of developing anemia, It can be prevented by Diet, Supplementation, and food fortification.
include iron-rich foods in your diet to preventing the risk of developing iron-deficiency anemia.

foods commonly rich in iron, are listed below:-

organ meat such as liver,
dry fruits,
iron-containing cooking utensils,
if we eat vitamin c rich foods along with these iron-rich foods, the level of iron absorption enhances.
common food sources of vitamin C:-
iron-fortified cereals. so these are the information on the 5 basic causes of anemia along with iron-rich food sources.


suggested reading:- https://nutritionistpujaukey.com/5-best-way-for-constipation/constipation/

know about your immunity:-https://nutritionistpujaukey.com/know-your-good-immunity-level/immunity/

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